In 2006, Pres. Bush emphasized the nationAis need for greater energy efficiency and a more diversified energy portfolio. This led to a collaborative effort to explore a modeled energy scenario in which wind provides 20% of U.S. electricity by 2030. Members of this 20% Wind collaborative produced this report to start the discussion about issues, costs, and potential outcomes associated with the 20% Wind Scenario. The report considers some associated challenges, estimates the impacts, and discusses specific needs and outcomes in the areas of technology, manufacturing and employment, transmission and grid integration, markets, siting strategies, and potential environmental effects associated with a 20% Wind Scenario. Ill.The complete equation to calculate the present value of costs used in the preceding equation is as follows: PVCosts = a + b + c 2030 a = ( ( CapCostNewCapacityt + ... 20 % Wind Energy Penetration in the United States: A Technical Analysis of the Energy Resource. Walnut Creek, CA. ... Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). http://www.nrel.gov/analysis/ winds/pdfs/winds_data.pdf.
|Title||:||20% Wind Energy By 2030|
|Publisher||:||DIANE Publishing - 2009-05|