Construction productivity--how well, how quickly, and at what cost buildings and infrastructure can be constructed--directly affects prices for homes and consumer goods and the robustness of the national economy. Industry analysts differ on whether construction industry productivity is improving or declining. Still, advances in available and emerging technologies offer significant opportunities to improve construction efficiency substantially in the 21st century and to help meet other national challenges, such as environmental sustainability. Advancing the Competitiveness and Efficiency of the U.S. Construction Industry identifies five interrelated activities that could significantly improve the quality, timeliness, cost-effectiveness, and sustainability of construction projects. These activities include widespread deployment and use of interoperable technology applications; improved job-site efficiency through more effective interfacing of people, processes, materials, equipment, and information; greater use of prefabrication, preassembly, modularization, and off-site fabrication techniques and processes; innovative, widespread use of demonstration installations; and effective performance measurement to drive efficiency and support innovation. The book recommends that the National Institute of Standards and Technology work with industry leaders to develop a collaborative strategy to fully implement and deploy the five activitiesSuch equipment can be effective in the excavation and compaction of soils and in paving, because such work areas are often exposed and spread out. ... Directional boring equipment is available for installing underground utilities without digging a trench. ... automated equipment; the limited availability of some automated equipment; and conventional design practices that typically do not consider theanbsp;...
|Title||:||Advancing the Competitiveness and Efficiency of the U.S. Construction Industry|
|Author||:||Committee on Advancing the Competitiveness and Productivity of the U.S. Construction Industry, Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, National Research Council|
|Publisher||:||National Academies Press - 2009-11-09|