The service of African Americans in defense of the Union during the Civil War required African American nurses, doctors and surgeons to heal those soldiers. In the nationas capital, these brave healthcare workers created a medical infrastructure for African Americans by African Americans. Preeminent surgeon Alexander T. Augusta fought discrimination, visited President Lincoln, testified before Congress and aided the war effort. Washingtonas Freedmenas Hospital was formed to serve the Districtas growing free African American population, eventually becoming the Howard University Medical Center. These physicians would form the National Medical Association, the largest and oldest organization representing African American doctors and patients. Author Heather M. Butts recounts the heroic lives and work of Washingtonas African American medical community during the Civil War.Ford, SarahA.M.aSufferinginSilence: PsychologicalDisorders and Soldiersin the American CivilWar.a Armstrong State ... http://www.freedmenscemetery.org/ resources/documents/contrabandhospital.pdf. Garrison ... Black Refugees in Canada: Accountsof Escape duringthe Era of Slavery. ... Washington Post, October 7, 2011.
|Title||:||African American Medicine in Washington, D.C.|
|Author||:||Heather M. Butts|
|Publisher||:||The History Press - 2014-11-18|