Arms, Economics and British Strategy

Arms, Economics and British Strategy

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This book integrates strategy, technology and economics and presents a new way of looking at twentieth-century military history and Britain's decline as a great power. G. C. Peden explores how from the Edwardian era to the 1960s warfare was transformed by a series of innovations, including dreadnoughts, submarines, aircraft, tanks, radar, nuclear weapons and guided missiles. He shows that the cost of these new weapons tended to rise more quickly than national income and argues that strategy had to be adapted to take account of both the increased potency of new weapons and the economy's diminishing ability to sustain armed forces of a given size. Prior to the development of nuclear weapons, British strategy was based on an ability to wear down an enemy through blockade, attrition (in the First World War) and strategic bombing (in the Second), and therefore power rested as much on economic strength as on armaments.The Russians detonated a thermonuclear device in August 1953 and their first true hydrogen bomb in November 1955.1 The major consideration put forward by Churchill in Cabinet for developing a British hydrogen bomb was the effect it would have on Britaina#39;s influence in ... in defence policy than those set out in the 1952 Global Strategy paper, but enhanced nuclear deterrence was not the only factor.

Title:Arms, Economics and British Strategy
Author:G. C. Peden
Publisher:Cambridge University Press - 2007-02-08


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