Preceded by: Pediatric otolaryngology / [edited by] Charles D. Bluestone ... [et al.]. 4th ed. c2003.... include metals (especially nickel and chromium) present in earrings, rubber or plastic used for earmolds or ear phones, solutions or sprays used for hair care, and insecticides or herbicides. ... Such insults include acupuncture to the pinna and ear jewelry placed higher in the scapha and helix. Piercing with contaminated equipment or improper hygiene predisposes the ear to perichondritis and cellulitis (Fig. ... This typically takes the form of blunt trauma or a fall directly on the ear.
|Title||:||Bluestone and Stool's Pediatric Otolaryngology|
|Author||:||Charles D. Bluestone, Jeffrey P. Simons, Gerald B. Healy|
|Publisher||:||PMPH-USA - 2014|