Converting Women : Gender and Protestant Christianity in Colonial South India

Converting Women : Gender and Protestant Christianity in Colonial South India

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With the emergence of Hindu nationalism, the conversion of Indians to Christianity has become a volatile issue, erupting in violence against converts and missionaries. At the height of British colonialism, however, conversion was a path to upward mobility for low-castes and untouchables, especially in the Tamil-speaking south of India. In this book, Eliza F. Kent takes a fresh look at these conversions, focusing especially on the experience of women converts and the ways in which conversion transformed gender roles and expectations. Kent argues that the creation of a new, qrespectableq community identity was central to the conversion process for the agricultural laborers and artisans who embraced Protestant Christianity under British rule. At the same time, she shows, this new identity was informed as much by elite Sanskritic customs and ideologies as by Western Christian discourse. Stigmatized by the dominant castes for their ritually polluting occupations and relaxed rules governing kinship and marriage, low-caste converts sought to validate their new higher-status identity in part by the reform of gender relations. These reforms affected ideals of femininity and masculinity in the areas of marriage, domesticity, and dress. By the creation of a qdiscourse of respectability, q says Kent, Tamil Christians hoped to counter the cultural justifications for their social, economic, and sexual exploitation at the hands of high-caste landowners and village elites. Kent's focus on the interactions between Western women missionaries and the Indian Christian women not only adds depth to our understanding of colonial and patriarchal power dynamics, but to the intricacies of conversion itself. Posing an important challenge to normative notions of conversion as a privatized, individual moment in time, Kent's study takes into consideration the ways that public behavior, social status, and the transformation of everyday life inform religious conversion.Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, aquot;Three Womena#39;s Texts and a Critique of Imperialism, aquot; in aquot;Race, aquot; Writing and Difference, ed. ... The title of Patricia Hilla#39;s history of the womena#39;s foreign missionary movement, The World Their Household, explicitly makes reference to this. ... in Antoinette Burton, aquot;Fearful Bodies into Disciplined Subjects: Pleasure, Romance, and the Family Drama of Colonial Reform in Mary Carpentera#39;s ... Kevin Ward and Brian Stanley (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdman, 2000), 78.

Title:Converting Women : Gender and Protestant Christianity in Colonial South India
Author:Eliza F. Kent Assistant Professor of Philosophy and Religion Colgate University
Publisher:Oxford University Press, USA - 2004-03-05


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