The castles built in the Middle East by the Christian crusaders in the 12th and 13th centuries were among the most impressive built anywhere in the Middle Ages. This book is intended as a general introduction to the architecture and history of these fortifications and is fully illustrated with photographs, drawings, and plans, and includes a comprehensive bibliography. Kennedy begins by examining fortification in the West and East before the First Crusade, and follows with chapters discussing the castles of the 12th-century Kingdom of Jerusalem; 12th-century castles in the northern states; siege warfare in the Crusader lands; Templars and Teutonic knights in the 13th century; the Hospitallers in Tripoli and Antioch; Moslem castles of the 12th and 13th centuries.... for the most recent work see H. Hanish, a#39;Der Nordwestturm der Zitadelle von Damaskusa#39;, Damaszener Mitteilungen 5 (1991), 181-231, ... This argument depends on the identification of Subeibe as the citadel of the nearby Crusader town of Banyas, which is mentioned in the ... 3 I have translated balestarii as crossbowmen but they also handled larger crossbow- like engines and the term may be used toanbsp;...
|Publisher||:||Cambridge University Press - 1994|