In a double-shift system, which aims primarily to extend access and minimize unit costs, schools cater to two entirely separate groups of pupils during a school day. The first group of pupils usually attends school from early morning until mid-day, and the second group usually attends from mid-day to late afternoon. Each group uses the same buildings, equipment, and other facilities. In some systems the two groups are taught by the same teachers, but in other systems they are taught by different ones. Some education authorities extend this model into a triple-shift system. A few education authorities operate quadruple shifts, but these systems usually have overlapping rather than end-on shifts. This book also discusses single shifts. It analyzes the advantages and disadvantages of different types of arrangements as practiced in a wide range of countries. Its main focus, however, is on double shifts. (DFR)Farrell aamp; Schiefelbein (1974) surveyed 353 Grade 8 classes, collecting data from 10 students in each class and from all teachers and ... In Assam, double-shift students scored marginally better than single-shift students in mathematics, but not so well in other subjects. ... Among the English-medium schools, however, the performance of double-session pupils was as good as the single- session pupils.
|Publisher||:||Commonwealth Secretariat - 2000-01-01|