With the high prevalence of chronic pulmonary diseases, including asthma, COPD, and interstitial lung disease, physicians need to recognize the cause of dyspnea and know how to treat it so that patients can cope effectively with this distressing symptom. Detailing recent developments and treatment methods, this revised and updated third edition of Dyspnea: Mechanisms, Measurement, and Management includes new chapters on gender-based differences in dyspnea and explores guidelines for treating the condition in challenging special populations, including in the aged, in pregnancy and obesity, and in palliative care settings. With three sections spanning the mechanisms of dyspnea, measurement and assessment strategies, and management techniques, this book provides pulmonologists and other healthcare professionals the vital information needed to understand this complex symptom.Briefly, in healthy humans, the mechanical output of the respiratory system increases in proportion to the level of central neural drive. Multiple afferents in the chest wall, lungs, airways, and respiratory muscles convey sensory feedback information to the central nervous system that the ... coupling of the respiratory system, the perception of dyspnea (typically described as an increased sense of a worka oranbsp;...
|Author||:||Donald A. Mahler, Denis E. O'Donnell|
|Publisher||:||CRC Press - 2014-01-20|