In 1959, the research publications of two doctors from Israel and Japan revived interest in IUD. ... The technique of insertion is simple enough and trained midwives can do the job so that the organizational problem ... The cost of a coil or loop is about 15 to 20 paise and it can remain in the uterus as long as desired without any carcinomatous effect. ... While it cannot eliminate the need for sufficient motivation for family limitation, it will certainly facilitate the generation of such motivation.