Until very recently emigrants were considered an embarrassment, an irritation or an irrelevance by most states. The long experience of emigrant engagement in certain historical emigration countries, such as Italy, was very much the exception. Since about 2000, countries around the world have shown much greater enthusiasm for policies to encourage the loyalty of nationals who have made a permanent home elsewhere. These developments have changed the relationship between state institutions and emigrant nationals. Policies of emigrant engagement also challenge fundamental understandings about the nature of political society in the modern era; the notion of states as territorial institutions or the understanding of citizenship as membership in a territorially bounded polity are both undermined. This book provides copious evidence of this process, with detailed, comparable case studies of twelve countries and a new theoretical framework that helps explain changing policies towards emigrants.Table 6.2 Italian expatriates by total population 1861a1990 (absolute values) Years Resident population Total Net emigration rate ... For example, the implementation of the US Quota Act of 1921 (Emergency Quota Act) and 1924 ( JohnsonaReed Act), aimed at restricting ... Source: Authora#39;s elaboration on ISTAT data.
|Publisher||:||Palgrave Macmillan - 2013-10-16|