Kataoka (1990) explained that this is due to an unsteady adverse pressure gradient in the outer impingement region where the ring-shaped vortices impinge . Martin (1977) ... For these cases secondary maxima occur for the Nusselt number at a radial distance from the stagnation point, r/D = 2. ... EXPERIMENTAL APPARATUS A schematic diagram of the experimental apparatus is shown in Figure 1.
|Title||:||Enhanced cooling techniques for electronics applications|
|Author||:||American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Winter Meeting, American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Heat Transfer Division|