Gamma-Ray Bursts: 30 Years of Discovery

Gamma-Ray Bursts: 30 Years of Discovery

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In the last thirty years, gamma-ray bursts have grown from an oddity to a central position in astrophysics. Not only are they the largest explosions since the big bang, capable of flooding most of the universe with gamma-rays, but their brilliance serves as a backlight that can illuminate the cosmos far deeper into the early universe than any other object. Their unpredictability has forced researchers to use extreme measures to observe them: completely autonomous satellites and robotic ground-based telescopes. Their bizarre physical properties have pushed us to develop new theories of astrophysical explosions. Topics include: global properties of GRBs; X-ray flashes; ultra-high energy gamma-rays, neutrinos, gravity waves; prompt emission and early afterglows; relativistic jets and polarization; GRB030329; GRB progenitors; GRB connection to supernovae; dark versus bright GRBs; late afterglows; GRBs and cosmology; general observations; general theory; analysis and observation techniques; present satellites; Swift satellite; future satellites; and robotic observing systems.icr 10aquot; f 10 a -o Sa#39; 10* 10aquot; - S 1 | 10* b o I 10* 10a#39; , 36 102 2-10 keV 30-400 keV HETE data (30-400 keV) RXTE data (2-10 keV) SN2003dh optical data XMM data (0.2-10 keV) Neutrino, kaon. pion cooling 10aquot;c 10Ad io-a#39;Ad i ... The dash-dotted lines corresponds to cooling theoretical curves of young neutron stars by generalized URCA processes. ... These conditions have been derived evaluating the vacuum polarization processes (Damour and Ruffini [20]) occurring in the dyadosphere ofanbsp;...

Title:Gamma-Ray Bursts: 30 Years of Discovery
Author:E.E. Fenimore, M. Galasso
Publisher:American Inst. of Physics - 2004-10-21


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