Geophysical Applications of Artificial Neural Networks and Fuzzy Logic

Geophysical Applications of Artificial Neural Networks and Fuzzy Logic

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The past fifteen years has witnessed an explosive growth in the fundamental research and applications of artificial neural networks (ANNs) and fuzzy logic (FL). The main impetus behind this growth has been the ability of such methods to offer solutions not amenable to conventional techniques, particularly in application domains involving pattern recognition, prediction and control. Although the origins of ANNs and FL may be traced back to the 1940s and 1960s, respectively, the most rapid progress has only been achieved in the last fifteen years. This has been due to significant theoretical advances in our understanding of ANNs and FL, complemented by major technological developments in high-speed computing. In geophysics, ANNs and FL have enjoyed significant success and are now employed routinely in the following areas (amongst others): 1. Exploration Seismology. (a) Seismic data processing (trace editing; first break picking; deconvolution and multiple suppression; wavelet estimation; velocity analysis; noise identification/reduction; statics analysis; dataset matching/prediction, attenuation), (b) AVO analysis, (c) Chimneys, (d) Compression I dimensionality reduction, (e) Shear-wave analysis, (f) Interpretation (event tracking; lithology prediction and well-log analysis; prospect appraisal; hydrocarbon prediction; inversion; reservoir characterisation; quality assessment; tomography). 2. Earthquake Seismology and Subterranean Nuclear Explosions. 3. Mineral Exploration. 4. Electromagnetic I Potential Field Exploration. (a) Electromagnetic methods, (b) Potential field methods, (c) Ground penetrating radar, (d) Remote sensing, (e) inversion.Baldwin, J.L., Bateman, R.M., and Wheatley, C.L., 1990, Application of a neural network to the problem of mineral identification ... Bolt, D.G., Daneel, G., and Clare, A., 1997, Prospect Explorer: an exploration neural analysis tool: 67th Ann. Internat. ... Burge, D.W., and Neff, D.B., 1998, Well-based seismic lithology inversion for porosity and pay-thickness mapping. ... Clark, G.A., and Glinsky, M.E., Sandhya Devi, K.R., Robinson, J.H., Cheng, P.K.Z., and Ford, G.E., 1996, Automatic eventanbsp;...

Title:Geophysical Applications of Artificial Neural Networks and Fuzzy Logic
Author:W. Sandham, M. Leggett
Publisher:Springer Science & Business Media - 2013-06-29


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