The versatile and available GNSS signals can detect the Earthas surface environments as a new, highly precise, continuous, all-weather and near-real-time remote sensing tool. This book presents the theory and methods of GNSS remote sensing as well as its applications in the atmosphere, oceans, land and hydrology. Ground-based atmospheric sensing, space-borne atmospheric sensing, reflectometry, ocean remote sensing, hydrology sensing as well as cryosphere sensing with the GNSS will be discussed per chapter in the book.Since Eartha#39;s neutral atmosphere and ionosphere is very complex, it is difficult to use an exactly mathematic formula ... The green line is electron density profile from IRI (International Reference Ionosphere) model 2011 (http://iri.gsfc.nasa.gov /).
|Title||:||GNSS Remote Sensing|
|Author||:||Jin Shuanggen, Estel Cardellach, Feiqin Xie|
|Publisher||:||Springer Science & Business Media - 2013-10-01|