Groundwater is water located beneath the ground surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of lithologic formations. A unit of rock or an unconsolidated deposit is called an aquifer when it can yield a usable quantity of water. The depth at which soil pore spaces or fractures and voids in rock become fully saturated with water is called the water table. Groundwater is recharged from, and eventually flows to, the surface naturally; natural discharge often occurs at springs and seeps, streams and can form oases or wetlands. Groundwater is also often withdrawn for agricultural, municipal and industrial use by constructing and operating extraction wells. The study of the distribution and movement of groundwater is hydrogeology, also called groundwater hydrology. Typically groundwater is thought of as liquid water flowing through shallow aquifers, but technically it can also include soil moisture, permafrost (frozen soil), immobile water in very low permeability bedrock, and deep geothermal or oil formation water. Groundwater is hypothesised to provide lubrication which can possibly aid faults to move. This book presents important research in the field.perchlorate vary, but the defense and aerospace industries are the greatest known source of contamination. ... In 2005, the EPA adopted the NRC recommended reference dose, which translates to a drinking water equivalent level (DWEL) ofanbsp;...
|Title||:||Groundwater Research and Issues|
|Author||:||William B. Porter, Charles E. Bennington|
|Publisher||:||Nova Publishers - 2008|