With results including powerful social sanctions, increased psychologial symptoms, and poorer relationships, the risks are high for individuals engaging in relationship infidelity, and yet it is a prevalent and serious problem in marital and dating relationships. Theoretical approaches to infidelity provide relatively poor explanations for what motivates people to cheat. The primary purpose of this study was to test McClelland's (1986) intuition that human motivation as portrayed implicitly in lovers' narratives may serve as a strong predictor of their behavior than self-reported motives, by investigating relations among individuals' self-reported and implicit or non-conscious motives and their behavior in dating relationships, including infidelity. Secondary aims included linking implicit and self-reported motives to the better-understood construct of attachment to predict relationship behavior and to provide a richer understanding of both constructs, and to empirically test the prediction made by motivational theorists that discordant implicit and self-reported motives may have negative psychological and relational effects. Three-hundred eighty-three dating college students were surveyed about their relationship experiences, their experience with being unfaithful to a romantic partner their psychological well-being, and their relationship satisfaction and closeness. Implicit and self-reported motives for affiliation, achievement, and power were also assessed, as well as implicit activity inhibition and self-reported anxious and avoidant attachment. Students were surveyed again ten weeks later about their relationship experiences (including infidelity), their psychological well-being, and their relationship satisfaction and closeness. Relations between specific implicit motives and cheating history were small or nonsignificant in most cases, although self-reported motives, were also largely unrelated. Relations between motive discordance and cheating behavior and outcome measures were complex, with motive discordance sometimes appearing adaptive, and sometimes maladaptive for relationship behavior and well-being. Recursive partitioning techniques were used in exploratory analyses of these data, suggesting that implicit motives and motive discordance may interact complexly with insecure attachment and alcohol consumption in accounting for cheating history and future cheating behavior. Implications for understanding and assessing implicit motives and motive discordance and for understanding dating infidelity, as well as methodological considerations, are discussed.How long ago was it when you last cheated on a partner? 3 . Did you last cheat on (circle one)? your current partner another partner 4. How long were you involved with the last partner you cheated on (if the last partner you cheated on is youranbsp;...
|Title||:||Implicit and Self-reported Motives for Romantic Relationship Cheating|
|Author||:||Margit Isabel Berman|
|Publisher||:||ProQuest - 2006|