The heart of the development process is the bringing into effective use of technologies and other practices that are new to the country---that is, innovation. Strangely, up until recently, this fact has been only barely recognized in the economic development literature or in the accepted canons of good development policy. This World Bank volume changes all that. It provides a clear and persuasive analysis of the fundamental role of innovation in the economic development process and of the policies that are needed to support the process.---RICHARD R. NELSON Henry R. Luce Professor of International Political Economy Columbia University, New York, USA --Book Jacket.The cost of software is a major problem for developing countries and the reason for the high level of illicit copying. ... and obtain marketing approval of a patented drug before the expiration of the patent (UNCTAD and ICTSD 2003; WBI 2007). ... However, the impact of competition may depend on how far a country or an industry is from the technology frontier. ... In Bangladesh, for example, where transmission and distribution losses represent only 9 percent of produced power, some 70anbsp;...
|Publisher||:||World Bank Publications - 2010|