International Tables for Crystallography is the definitive resource and reference work for crystallography and structural science. Each of the eight volumes in the series contains articles and tables of data relevant to crystallographic research and to applications of crystallographic methods in all sciences concerned with the structure and properties of materials. Emphasis is given to symmetry, diffraction methods and techniques of crystal-structure determination, and the physical and chemical properties of crystals. The data are accompanied by discussions of theory, practical explanations and examples, all of which are useful for teaching. Volume D is concerned with the influence of symmetry on the physical and tensor properties of crystals and on their structural phase transitions. This role is very important in many different disciplines of the science of materials such as crystallography, elasticity, solid-state physics, magnetism, optics, ferroelectricity and mineralogy, and Volume D deals with all these aspects in a unified way. The volume is divided into 3 parts: Part 1: Introduces the mathematical properties of tensors and group representations and gives their independent components for each of the crystallographic groups. Part 2: Devoted to the symmetry aspects of excitations in reciprocal space: phonons, electrons, Raman scattering and Brillouin scattering. Part 3: Deals with the symmetry aspects of structural phase transitions and twinning. A prominent feature is the joint description of twinning and domain structures, which are usually presented in completely separate ways in handbooks of physics and mineralogy. Supplementary software is provided to support and enhance Chapters 1.1 and 1.2 for the determination of irreducible group representations and tensor components, and Part 3 on structural phase transitions.(2) low-resolution data create additional problems for direct methods since the number of available phase relationships per reflection is small. ... Detailed information on these programs is available in IT F (2001), Part 16. ... small fragment of the molecule (eventually by molecular-replacement techniques) to obtain a useful nonrandom starting set of phases, and then ... type: up to 20 trial solutions are provided by using as pivots the highest maxima in the superposition minimum function.
|Title||:||International Tables for Crystallography, Reciprocal Space|
|Publisher||:||Springer Science & Business Media - 2008-08-27|