A sustainable European energy system, mitigating climate change and solving a number of other key environmental problems, will require massive reliance on renewable energy sources combined with a sharp increase in energy productivity. Considering that most of the technoplogies necessary for such a development are already available, today's most important questions are: How can these technologies be integrated into the European energy system? What are the costs and benefits of such a strategy? What are the major bottlenecks and obstacles to such a development? What measures are necessary to support this development? In the book a qsustainable scenarioq and a qfair-market scenarioq are developed as a means to demonstrate that concepts for a sustainable future Eutopean energy supply are technically and economically feasible. In addition, they provide a positive vision for decisions to be made in the near furture.We calculate the employment impact of operating the renewable energy technologies from annual Oaamp;M costs. ... For these technologies, the structure of the input vectors does not change compared to the demand for construction. ... thermal technologies the operation and maintenance requirements mainly refer to the replacement of electrical products. ... of the final demand) and forestry, fishery products (7%) as well as machinery and equipment (11%), other transport services (11%), anbsp;...
|Title||:||Long-Term Integration of Renewable Energy Sources into the European Energy System|
|Publisher||:||Springer Science & Business Media - 1998-05-20|