Itas a common complaint: the United States is overrun by rules and procedures that shackle professional judgment, have no valid purpose, and serve only to appease courts and lawyers. Charles R. Epp argues, however, that few Americans would want to return to an era without these legalistic policies, which in the 1970s helped bring recalcitrant bureaucracies into line with a growing national commitment to civil rights and individual dignity. Focusing on three disparate policy areasaworkplace sexual harassment, playground safety, and police brutality in both the United States and the United KingdomaEpp explains how activists and professionals used legal liability, lawsuit-generated publicity, and innovative managerial ideas to pursue the implementation of new rights. Together, these strategies resulted in frameworks designed to make institutions accountable through intricate rules, employee training, and managerial oversight. Explaining how these practices became ubiquitous across bureaucratic organizations, Epp casts todayas legalistic state in an entirely new light.B. McAllister, aSpurred by Dramatic Rise in Lawsuits, Police Agencies Warm to Accreditation, a Washington Post, March 17, 1987; see also Sheldon ... Leon R. Kutzke, aThe Department Manual: An Organizational Necessity, a Police Chief, December 1980, 46a47. ... by and against Officers, a Police Chief, August 1985, 56a58; and Virginia Fazo, aUse of Deadly Force, a Police Chief, August 1985, 54a 55, at 54.
|Title||:||Making Rights Real|
|Author||:||Charles R. Epp|
|Publisher||:||University of Chicago Press - 2010-02-15|