Manual of Bone Densitometry Measurements

Manual of Bone Densitometry Measurements

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The importance of osteoporosis in the United Kingdom as a cause of death and disability is now well recognised. There are in excess of 200, 000 osteoporotic-related fractures in the UK per annum assoAs ciated with an estimated cost of Ap942, 000, 000. Following hip fracture it is known that about 50% of patients are unable to live indepenAs dently and about 20% of such patients die within the first 6 months. These figures, compelling as they are, reflect poorly on current medical practices which manifestly have failed to identify patients with low bone density at risk of fracture. The hope is that the techniAs cal advances which have enabled bone mineral density, and other allied indices, to be measured with high precision and accuracy offers the chance of identifying patients at risk of fracture and guiding the clinician to make treatment decisions which may reduce the patients' risk of fracture. In the UK, services for identifying patients at risk of fracture are still in their infancy and are not uniformly available throughout the country. This situation is, however, likely to improve particularly folAs lowing the publication of the Royal College of Physicians report qOsteoporosis -clinical guidelines for prevention and treatmentq and the recognition in qOur Healthier Nationq that osteoporosis preAs vention should be included as a target to achieve a reduction of 20% in accidents by 2010.Both examinations carry doses of alt;3 raR. ... The systems use K-edge filtration to obtain the two energies required by DXA. Computer systems can be supplied to the usera#39;s requirements and additional facilities available include forearm, lateral anbsp;...

Title:Manual of Bone Densitometry Measurements
Author:John Fordham
Publisher:Springer Verlag - 2000-01-01


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