Midnight at the Barrelhouse

Midnight at the Barrelhouse

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Considered by many to be the godfather of RaB, Johnny Otisa€”musician, producer, artist, entrepreneur, pastor, disc jockey, writer, and tireless fighter for racial equalitya€”has had a remarkable life by any measure. In this first biography of Otis, George Lipsitz tells the largely unknown story of a towering figure in the history of African American music and culture who was, by his own description, a€œblack by persuasion.a€ Born to Greek immigrant parents in Vallejo, California, in 1921, Otis grew up in an integrated neighborhood and identified deeply with black music and culture from an early age. He moved to Los Angeles as a young man and submerged himself in the citya€™s vibrant African American cultural life, centered on Central Avenue and its thriving music scene. Otis began his six-decade career in music playing drums in territory swing bands in the 1930s. He went on to lead his own band in the 1940s and open the Barrelhouse nightclub in Watts. His RaB band had seventeen Top 40 hits between 1950 and 1969, including a€œWillie and the Hand Jive.a€ As a producer and AaR man, Otis discovered such legends as Etta James, Jackie Wilson, and Big Mama Thornton. Otis also wrote a column for the Sentinel, one of L.A.a€™s leading black newspapers, became pastor of his own interracial church, hosted popular radio and television shows that introduced millions to music by African American artists, and was lauded as businessman of the year in a 1951 cover story in Negro Achievements magazine. Throughout his career Otisa€™s driving passion has been his fearless and unyielding opposition to racial injustice, whether protesting on the front lines, exposing racism and championing the accomplishments of black Americans, or promoting African American musicians. Midnight at the Barrelhouse is a chronicle of a life rich in both incident and inspiration, as well as an exploration of the complicated nature of race relations in twentieth-century America. Otisa€™s total commitment to black culture and transcendence of racial boundaries, Lipsitz shows, teach important lessons about identity, race, and power while encapsulating the contradictions of racism in American society.Malcolm told the members of Attack that racism was like a Cadillac: they make a new model every year. Just as a 1963 Cadillac could not be repaired with a 1953 ownersa#39; manual, the racism of 1963 required up-to-date methods of struggle.

Title:Midnight at the Barrelhouse
Author:George Lipsitz
Publisher:U of Minnesota Press - 2010


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