Inhaltsangabe:Abstract: In the past years a lot of new kinds of sport were discovered as a form of outdoor recreation. Today the traditional walker has to share the tracks with a lot of other user groups. At present shared tracks often lead to conflicts between the old and the new user groups. One of the new groups is the Mountain Bike (MTB) group. Mountain biking seems to be the new wave sport of the nineties, but it all started in the early to mid 1970 s with a few enthusiasts in the US. It became established internationally in the early 1980 s. Mountain bikes began to appear in New Zealand from the mid 1980 s, and since then are growing in popularity among all ages and genders. The popularity of the MTB is now changing the recreational patterns of the traditional outdoor user groups. A discernible number of people who have traditionally been walkers/trampers have now often changed their outdoor recreation use from walking to biking. This new type of track use seems to create conflicts in a social and physical way, and it appears that there are some problems between walkers/trampers and mountain bikers. To get all these information different questionnaires were designed, adequate for every user group. Inhaltsverzeichnis:Table of Contents: TABLE OF CONTENTSI TABLE CONTENTSIII DIAGRAM CONTENTSV PICTURE CONTENTSV LIST OF ABBREVIATIONSVI CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION2 1.1Introduction - Survey Background3 1.2Survey Objectives4 1.3The Scope Of This Paper4 CHAPTER TWO: NEW ZEALAND6 2.1Facts About The Country7 2.1.1Introduction7 2.1.2Geography And Geology7 18.104.22.168Position7 22.214.171.124Geology8 2.1.3Climate10 2.2Flora a Fauna11 2.2.1Introduction11 2.2.2Flora11 2.2.3Fauna13 2.3History And Politics14 2.3.1History14 2.3.2Modern New Zealand15 126.96.36.199Politics15 188.8.131.52Economy16 184.108.40.206Tourism17 CHAPTER THREE: THE MARLBOROUGH SOUNDS18 3.1Introduction19 3.2Geography And Geology20 3.2.1Position20 3.2.2Geology20 3.3Climate21 3.4Flora a Fauna21 3.4.1Flora21 3.4.2Fauna23 3.5History24 CHAPTER FOUR: BACKGROUND INFORMATION DEPARTMENT OF CONSERVATION (DOC) AND MOUNTAIN BIKES (MTBS)25 4.1Department Of Conservation (DOC)26 4.1.1The Role Of DOC - History And Structure26 4.1.2Doc And MTBs28 4.1.3Statutes For The Management Of MTBs29 4.2An Introduction To Mountain Biking31 4.2.1History31 4.2.2MTB In New Zealand - A Growing Sport31 4.2.3Impacts And Conflicts32 220.127.116.11Physical Impacts33 18.104.22.168Disturbance Of Animals38 22.214.171.124Social Impacts And Safety Hazards39 CHAPTER FIVE: THE QUEEN CHARLOTTE TRACK (QCT)41 5.1Introduction42 5.1.1Position42 5.1.2Climate42 5.1.3Flora a Fauna43 5.1.4History45 5.1.5Classification Of The Track47 5.1.6Track Description47 126.96.36.199On The Move47 188.8.131.52Features Of The QCT47 5.1.7User Groups49 5.1.8Amount Of Use49 5.2MTBs On The Queen Charlotte Track49 CHAPTER SIX: SURVEY METHODOLOGY AND RESULTS51 6.1Survey Background And Visitor Statistics52 6.1.1Survey Objectives52 6.1.2Survey Design53 6.1.3Survey Procedure53 6.2A Comparison - Survey 1994/95 And 199854 6.3Results Of The Walkers Overnight Questionnaire56 6.3.1Introduction57 6.3.2Demographic Information57 6.3.3Trip Satisfaction58 6.3.4Walker Perception And Opinion Towards MTB Use60 6.3.5Track Movement Patterns And Use63 6.3.6Comments64 6.3.7Summary64 6.4Results Of The Ship Cove To Punga Cove Section Questionnaires66 6.4.1Introduction67 6.4.2Demographic Information And Trip Description67 6.4.3Trip Satisfaction70 6.4.4Opinions About MTBs Using The Track70 6.4.5Common Opinions About Mountain Biking72 6.4.6Additional Comments Made Regarding MTBs77 6.4.7Summary77 6.5Results Of The MTB Questionnaire80 6.5.1Introduction81 6.5.2Demographic Information81 6.5.3Track Movement Patterns And Use83 6.5.4Trip Satisfaction85 6.5.5Rider Opinion About The Track87 6.5.6General Opinions Towards Track Use And Walker Conflicts88 6.5.7Comments91 6.5.8Summary92 Chapter Seven: Conclusions And Recommendations94 7.1Introduction95 7.1.1Management Examples From Other Areas95 7.1.2Perceived Needs Of Mountain Bikers96 7.1.3Social Conflicts In General97 7.2Summary Of The Results From The QCT Survey97 7.2.1Some General Conclusions97 7.2.2Demographic Summary98 7.2.3Summary Of Track Movement Patterns And Use99 7.2.4Summary Of Walker Perceptions And Opinions Towards MTB Use99 7.2.5Summary Of MTB Rider Preferences100 7.2.6Dissatisfaction With Facilities And Track Structures100 7.3Recommendations For The QCT Management101 7.3.1Track Management Improvements101 7.3.2Control Of Visitor Numbers103 184.108.40.206Monitoring Of Visitor Numbers103 7.4Recommendations For MTB Management104 7.4.1Social Impacts104 220.127.116.11Management Examples To Avoid Conflicts106 7.4.2Physical Impacts107 18.104.22.168Track Maintenance Examples108 7.4.3DOC And MTBs112 7.4.4The Use Of Information113 7.5Concluding Remark114 REFERENCES115NEW ENGLAND MOUNTAIN BIKE PATROL http://www.nemba.org/fells_patrol. htm * *ra r * * One of the Patrola#39;s (and NEMBAa#39;s) great ... The vast majority of park visitors we have met are friendly and supportive, and they are thankful for the assistance that the Patrollers provide. ... The training clinic includes guest speakers on the topics of emergency response, park policy, bike repair, communications skillsanbsp;...
|Title||:||Mountain Bike Use on Shared Tracks|
|Publisher||:||diplom.de - 1999-08-08|