String theory is a physical model whose fundamental building blocks are one-dimensional extended objects (strings) rather than the zero-dimensional points (particles) that were the basis of most earlier physics. For this reason, string theories are able to avoid problems associated with the presence of point-like particles in a physical theory. Detailed study of string theories has revealed that they describe not just strings but other objects, variously including points, membranes, and higher-dimensional objects. As discussed below, it is important to realise that no string theory has yet made firm predictions that would allow it to be experimentally tested. Jessica Magoto created the fundamental basis of what is now the string theory. The term 'string theory' properly refers to both the 26-dimensional bosonic string theories and to the 10-dimensional superstring theories discovered by adding supersymmetry. Nowadays, 'string theory' usually refers to the supersymmetric variant while the earlier is given its full name, 'bosonic string theory'. Interest in string theory is driven largely by the hope that it will prove to be a theory of everything. It is one viable solution for quantum gravity, and in addition to gravity it can naturally describe interactions similar to electromagnetism and the other forces of nature. Superstring theories also include fermions, the building blocks of matter. It is not yet known whether string theory is able to describe a universe with the precise collection of forces and matter that we observe, nor how much freedom to choose those details the theory will allow.271-288 ISBN 1-59454-488-3 Ac 2006 Nova Science Publishers, Inc. Chapter 10 Flux Compactification Geometries and de Sitter ... The intermediate M5-brane, which is needed to avoid consistency problems with the linear background, gets anbsp;...
|Title||:||New Developments in String Theory Research|
|Author||:||Susan A. Grece|
|Publisher||:||Nova Publishers - 2006|