Origins of Altruism and Cooperation

Origins of Altruism and Cooperation

4.11 - 1251 ratings - Source

This book is about the evolution and nature of cooperation and altruism in social-living animals, focusing especially on non-human primates and on humans. Although cooperation and altruism are often thought of as ways to attenuate competition and aggression within groups, or are related to the action of a€œselfish genesa€, there is increasing evidence that these behaviors are the result of biological mechanisms that have developed through natural selection in group-living species. This evidence leads to the conclusion that cooperative and altruistic behavior are not just by-products of competition but are rather the glue that underlies the ability for primates and humans to live in groups. The anthropological, primatological, paleontological, behavioral, neurobiological, and psychological evidence provided in this book gives a more optimistic view of human nature than the more popular, conventional view of humans being naturally and basically aggressive and warlike. Although competition and aggression are recognized as an important part of the non-human primate and human behavioral repertoire, the evidence from these fields indicates that cooperation and altruism may represent the more typical, a€œnormala€, and healthy behavioral pattern. The book is intended both for the general reader and also for students at a variety of levels (graduate and undergraduate): it aims to provide a compact, accessible, and up-to-date account of the current scholarly advances and debates in this field of study, and it is designed to be used in teaching and in discussion groups. The book derived from a conference sponsored by N.S.F., the Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, the Washington University Committee for Ethics and Human Values, and the Anthropedia Foundation for the study of well-being.Hauser, M.D., N. Chomsky, W.T. Fitch (2002) The faculty of language: What is it, who has it, and how did it evolve? ... Pievani, T. (2003a) Rhapsodic evolution: Essay on exaptation and evolutionary pluralism. ... Pievani, T., E. Serrelli (2011) Exaptation in human evolution: how to test adaptive vs exaptive evolutionary hypotheses. Journal of Anthropological Sciences, June 2011, in press. Pigliucci, M., G.B. MA¼ller (2010) Evolution: the Extended Synthesis, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.

Title:Origins of Altruism and Cooperation
Author:Robert W. Sussman, C. Robert Cloninger
Publisher:Springer Science & Business Media - 2011-08-02


You Must CONTINUE and create a free account to access unlimited downloads & streaming