Paul Lafargue, the disciple and son-in-law of Karl Marx, helped to found the first French Marxist party in 1882. Over the next three decades, he served as the chief theoretician and propagandist for Marxism in France. During these years - which ended with the dramatic suicides of Lafargue and his wife - French socialism, and the Marxist party within it, became a significant political force. Leslie Derfler explores Lafargue's political strategies, specifically his break with party co-founder Jules Guesde in the Boulanger and Dreyfus episodes and over the question of socialist syndicalist relations. Derfler shows Lafargue's importance as both political activist and theorist. He describes Lafargue's role in the formulation of such strategies as the promotion of a Second Workingmen's International, the pursuit of reform within the framework of the existent state but opposition to any socialist participation in nonsocialist governments, and the subordination of trade unionism to political action. He emphasizes Lafargue's pioneering efforts to apply Marxist methods of analysis to questions of anthropology, aesthetics, and literary criticism.25 In any event, the new voice of French socialism, it was becoming clear, was no longer that of a Parti Ouvrier member: ... Excessive reliance on the bourgeois republic to achieve socialism was misguided; such a republic was no better than aanbsp;...
|Title||:||Paul Lafargue and the Flowering of French Socialism, 1882-1911|
|Author||:||Leslie DERFLER, Leslie Derfler|
|Publisher||:||Harvard University Press - 2009-06-30|