Adobe, or mud brick, has been widely used as a building material in the American Southwest, including California. The vulnerability of many original adobe structures to damage or destruction from earthquakes has been of great concern. The guidelines presented here address the practical aspects of this problem and represent the culmination of 12 years of research and testing on the seismic retrofitting of adobe buildings. These guidelines can assist in the planning of seismic retrofitting projects consistent with both conservation principles and established public policy.Flexural cracks begin as vertical cracks at transverse walls, extend downward vertically or diagonally to the base of the ... When large horizontal and vertical offsets occur at these cracks, repair costs may be significant and a loss of historicalanbsp;...
|Title||:||Planning and Engineering Guidelines for the Seismic Retrofitting of Historic Adobe Structures|
|Author||:||E. Leroy Tolles, Edna E. Kimbro, William S. Ginell|
|Publisher||:||Getty Publications - 2003-03-20|