Prosecutors possess great discretionary powers in processing criminal cases. This dissertation explores the use of prosecutorial discretion and decision making regarding Georgia's Sentence Reform Act of 1994, otherwise known as the Two Strikes law. The guiding question for this study is whether Georgia's Sentence Reform Act of 1994 changed the influence of extra-legal factors on Georgia district attorneys' decisions in charging defendants who were arrested for one or more of the seven serious felonies for which a strike is allotted. All the defendants who were arrested for a strike offense throughout the state of Georgia three years prior to and six years subsequent to the enactment of the law are included in the sample. The influence of legal and extra-legal factors on prosecutorial charging practices of strike offenders was quantified and examined using an interrupted time series analysis and a multivariate statistical approach. The findings of this research project demonstrate that the race of violent offenders is a strong predictor to prosecutorial charging under the Georgia Sentence Reform Act of 1994. However, since this study considers only Georgia's application of mandatory sentencing, future research should incorporate a comparative state-by-state analysis whereby states with mandatory sentences can be examined against each other.prison under the mandatory minimum law (Georgia Board of Pardons and Paroles, 1999). ... law has been in existence for more than a decade, the state has only recently realized the effects of this law and other strict sentencing guidelines.
|Title||:||Prosecutorial Discretion Under Georgia's Two Strikes Provision: A Quantitative Analysis|
|Author||:||Becky Kohler da Cruz|
|Publisher||:||ProQuest - 2008|