Cosmology has been transformed by dramatic progress in high-precision observations and theoretical modelling. This book surveys key developments and open issues for graduate students and researchers. Using a relativistic geometric approach, it focuses on the general concepts and relations that underpin the standard model of the Universe. Part I covers foundations of relativistic cosmology whilst Part II develops the dynamical and observational relations for all models of the Universe based on general relativity. Part III focuses on the standard model of cosmology, including inflation, dark matter, dark energy, perturbation theory, the cosmic microwave background, structure formation and gravitational lensing. It also examines modified gravity and inhomogeneity as possible alternatives to dark energy. Anisotropic and inhomogeneous models are described in Part IV, and Part V reviews deeper issues, such as quantum cosmology, the start of the universe and the multiverse proposal. Colour versions of some figures are available at www.cambridge.org/9780521381154.... 560 on observations, 177 LindquistaWheeler type models, 430a431, 439 Line element, 40 Linear growth factor, 324, 387a388 Linear polarization, 302 tensor, 300, 302 electric and magnetic parts, 301 Linear redshift relation, 157 Linearization stability, 454 Liouville equation, 105, 225, ... 113a115 Magnification matrix, 338 Magnitude-redshift diagram, 10a11 relationship, 18 Manifolds, 26 dimension of, anbsp;...
|Author||:||George F. R. Ellis, Roy Maartens, Malcolm A. H. MacCallum|
|Publisher||:||Cambridge University Press - 2012-03-22|