Scepticism, Knowledge, and Forms of Reasoning

Scepticism, Knowledge, and Forms of Reasoning

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qThe problem of philosophical scepticism is not so much what to say about the view itself (there being a consensus that it should be rejected), but rather what to say about the arguments that purport to yield it. And since these arguments involve claims and principles concerning notions like knowledge and possibility, it is difficult to see how to explore the arguments without exploring these notions€”from the IntroductionHow do we address philosophical arguments whose conclusions contradict our commonsense knowledge? For example: a logically impeccable argument that concludes that you cannot know that you are at this very moment reading a description of a book of philosophy. That is the problem of philosophical scepticism. Scepticism, Knowledge, and Forms of Reasoning is an attempt to resolve how best to respond to such vexing arguments, a matter on which there is no consensus among contemporary philosophers. Rather than denying the premises of such arguments or simply declaring them invalid, John Koethe delves into what such arguments reveal about the nature of reasoning itself. He suggests that there is nothing straightforwardly wrong with sceptical arguments, and that in recognizing this while at the same time honoring our commonsense convictions about knowledge, we confront profound questions about the very nature of reasoning.These contexts are created by our interests and purposes, and all parties to the deliberations can be presumed to realize, say, that stricter ... the term a#39;knowa#39; can so often be mistaken about what they are actually saying.39 There are, Shiffer notes, expressions that are genuinely contextual. These include aquot;hidden indexicalsaquot; like a#39;Ita#39;s raininga#39; (which can be used to say that ita#39;s raining here in Milwaukee).

Title:Scepticism, Knowledge, and Forms of Reasoning
Author:John Koethe
Publisher:Cornell University Press - 2005


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