Timely and pathbreaking, Securing the Peace is the first book to explore the complete spectrum of civil war terminations, including negotiated settlements, military victories by governments and rebels, and stalemates and ceasefires. Examining the outcomes of all civil war terminations since 1940, Monica Toft develops a general theory of postwar stability, showing how third-party guarantees may not be the best option. She demonstrates that thorough security-sector reform plays a critical role in establishing peace over the long term. Much of the thinking in this area has centered on third parties presiding over the maintenance of negotiated settlements, but the problem with this focus is that fewer than a quarter of recent civil wars have ended this way. Furthermore, these settlements have been precarious, often resulting in a recurrence of war. Toft finds that military victory, especially victory by rebels, lends itself to a more durable peace. She argues for the importance of the security sector--the police and military--and explains that victories are more stable when governments can maintain order. Toft presents statistical evaluations and in-depth case studies that include El Salvador, Sudan, and Uganda to reveal that where the security sector remains robust, stability and democracy are likely to follow. An original and thoughtful reassessment of civil war terminations, Securing the Peace will interest all those concerned about resolving our world's most pressing conflicts.at a cost of 1.15 billion U.S. dollars through 2002/2003, in addition to an expected additional 45 million in 2003/2004.55 ... Replacing IFOR, the NATO stabilization force (SFOR) employed 12, 000 troops and cost 20.535 billion dollars through ... In 2008 it employed 2, 125 troops and operated with a budget of 71.7 million euros. Considering that international balancing does not permanently resolve these wars, that such efforts come with a high price tag, and that the possibility exists ofanbsp;...
|Title||:||Securing the Peace|
|Author||:||Monica Duffy Toft|
|Publisher||:||Princeton University Press - 2009-10-26|