This is the first academic study of the impact of semi-presidentialism in emerging democracies outside of Europe. Semi-presidentialism is where there is both a directly-elected fixed-term president and a prime minister who is responsible to the legislature. For the most part, semi-presidentialism is seen as being a risky choice for new democracies because it can create potentially destabilizing competition between the president and prime minister. And yet, there are now more than fifty semi-presidential countries in the world. Moreover, many of these countries are in Africa, the former Soviet Union and Asia, often in places where democracy has yet to establish a firm foundation. This study begins with a chapter that discusses the advantages and disadvantages of semi-presidentialism and provides the theoretical framework for a wide-ranging series of country chapters presented in the second part of the book. Written by country/area specialists, the case studies highlight the political processes at work in young semi-presidential democracies. Semi-Presidentialism Outside Europe will appeal to those researching and studying in the fields of comparative politics, development and democracy.The young Nigerien democracy was faced with many initial difficulties: severe economic problems, social unrest initiated by unions and students, and troubles with ... the return to democracy in 1999, FH scores improved again, reaching an average of three in 2004. ... to the excessive use of force by government security forces against Touareg rebels and Arab militias (US Department of State 1995, 1996).
|Title||:||Semi-Presidentialism Outside Europe|
|Author||:||Professor of Government and International Studies Robert Elgie, Robert Elgie, Sophia Moestrup|
|Publisher||:||Routledge - 2007-06-11|