Silencing, Heterochromatin and DNA Double Strand Break Repair

Silencing, Heterochromatin and DNA Double Strand Break Repair

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The field of DNA repair is vast and advancing rapidly. Recent investigations have begun to focus on the involvement of chromatin in the repair of broken DNA. Although I have no doubt that many breakthroughs in our understanding of chromatin, chromatin regulation, and DNA repair lie in our future, presently this is a new line in inquiry. As such there are many, many unanswered questions. Indeed, most of the correct questions have probably not even been asked yet. Here I have attempted to present a review of some of the current body of knowledge that may prove relevant to understanding the role of chromatin in DNA repair. Because the volume of research, and the relevant findings, come from a staggering array of labs, systems, and ideas I have focused primarily on findings developed from the study of the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Unfortunately, this means that I have left out a great deal of information. It is my hope, however, that the information I do detail, particularly in Chapter 1, will give a flavor for the scope of the problem and perhaps highlight some of the interesting directions this field is taking, or may one day take. I would also point out that the primary research that is presented herein is not in any way meant to represent the comprehensive scope of research being performed. To understand DNA repair will require investigation from innumerable labs, performed by innumerable researchers, moving in unexpected directions.factors catalyze DNA break repair at sites of damage, but protect chromosome ends from recombination or degradation remains a mystery. ... Cell cycle checkpoint control In addition to DNA repair mechanisms, cells must ensure proper coordination of DNA repair within the cell cycle. ... The yeast DNA damage checkpoint requires at least eight genes: MEC1, RAD9, RAD53, RAD17, RAD24, MEC3, DUN1anbsp;...

Title:Silencing, Heterochromatin and DNA Double Strand Break Repair
Author:Kevin D. Mills
Publisher:Springer Science & Business Media - 2012-12-06


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