The unit costs for earthwork can vary from as low as $2.00 per cubic yard to as much as $14.00 per cubic yard. ... The final item cost reflects all the costs associated with earthwork, i.e., compaction, hauling a typical distance for an urban setting, dozing, blading, scarifying, and so forth. ... The area of the retaining wall along one side of the highway is estimated by calculating the average height every 100 ftanbsp;...
|Title||:||Single Point Urban Interchange Design and Operations Analysis|
|Author||:||Carroll J. Messer|
|Publisher||:||Transportation Research Board - 1991|