Social problem-solving and cognitive flexibility are two critical components of young children's development because they influence peer relationships, social skills, and overall psychological well-being. However, no known studies have examined the possible association between these constructs. The current study investigated the relations between children's social problem-solving skills, cognitive flexibility abilities, and teacher report of children's social skills and problem behavior. Data were collected from 82 students, ages 4A½ to 6 years, recruited from multiple federal and Washington State preschool Head Start programs and kindergarten classrooms serving primarily children from low-income families. The study found significant associations among social problem-solving, cognitive flexibility, and social outcomes. The results of the study also contribute new information to the literature regarding the importance of cognitive flexibility in young children's social skills and behavior. Children with better cognitive flexibility skills were more likely to provide fewer social problem-solving strategies, more likely to have better social skills, and less likely to exhibit externalizing behaviors. There was little support for the hypothesis that social problem-solving abilities would mediate the relation between cognitive flexibility and social outcomes. Future research is needed to develop measures that can assess children's cognitive flexibility within specific, real life environmental and social situations, as well as prevention and intervention programs designed to teach children cognitive flexibility skills that may serve as protective factors or tools to assist with difficult social situations and other stressors.Power Analysis To determine the minimum number of participants needed for the current study to obtain a statistically significant result, a G-power analysis ( Erdfelder, Faul, aamp; Buchner, 1996) was conducted. A two-tailed alpha level of .05, anbsp;...
|Title||:||Social Problem-solving and Cognitive Flexibility: Relations to Social Skills and Problem Behavior of At-risk Young Children|
|Author||:||Arianne D. Stevens|
|Publisher||:||ProQuest - 2009|