This report is a call to action to governments and donors to sustain and increase funding for immunization in order to build upon the progress made so far in meeting the global goals. The price of failure will be counted in children's lives. This new edition of the State of the World's Vaccines and Immunization focuses on the major developments in vaccines and immunization since 2000. Part 1 examines the impact of immunization on efforts to meet the MDGs, especially the goal to reduce deaths among children under five. It looks at the development and use of vaccines and at the safeguards that have been put in place to ensure their safety, efficacy, and quality. It sets out the progress and challenges in meeting the immunization-related global goals, and looks at the cost of scaling up immunization coverage to meet these goals, and efforts to ensure that the achievements are sustainable in the long term. Finally, it looks beyond 2015 to likely changes in the immunization landscape. Part 2 focuses on over 20 vaccine-preventable diseases and reviews progress since 2000 in efforts to protect populations against these diseases through the use of vaccines.One way of reducing the cost of the modern cell culture vaccines is by using the intradermal, instead of the standard intramuscular, route of vaccine administration. Intradermal injection is as effective and as fast-acting as intramuscular injection and requires a much smaller volume of vaccine a up to 60 % less than for ... This tactic is being successfully used in India, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Thailand.
|Title||:||State of the World's Vaccines and Immunization|
|Author||:||J. M. Maurice, Sheila Davey, World Health Organization|
|Publisher||:||World Health Organization - 2009|