The topic of streets and street design is of compelling interest today as public officials, developers, and community activists seek to reshape urban patterns to achieve more sustainable forms of growth and development. Streets and the Shaping of Towns and Cities traces ideas about street design and layout back to the early industrial era in London suburbs and then on through their institutionalization in housing and transportation planning in the United States. It critiques the situation we are in and suggests some ways out that are less rigidly controlled, more flexible, and responsive to local conditions. Originally published in 1997, this edition includes a new introduction that addresses topics of current interest including revised standards from the Institute of Transportation Engineers; changes in city plans and development standards following New Urbanist, Smart Growth, and sustainability principles; traffic calming; and ecologically oriented street design. qAlthough states were expanding their road systems, a coherent national road network had yet to be developed, one that would be ... in American transportation policy of a functional specialization for motor vehicle routes with control by a central authority. It provided the basis for a hierarchical road system and the first official categorization of roads and streets, in particular the ... Its methods include regulation and control, on one hand, and planning and geometric design, on the other.
|Title||:||Streets and the Shaping of Towns and Cities|
|Author||:||Michael Southworth, Eran Ben-Joseph|
|Publisher||:||Island Press - 2013-04-22|