qThe increased use of underground space for transportation systems and the increasing complexity and constraints of constructing and maintaining above ground transportation infrastructure have prompted the need to develop this technical manual. This FHWA manual is intended to be a single-source technical manual providing guidelines for planning, design, construction and rehabilitation of road tunnels, and encompasses various types of road tunnelsq--P. ix.9-42 Figure 9.7.3-1aDeformation Monitoring Cross-Section Points (Light Rail, Bochum, Germany) . ... 9-47 Figure 9.7.5-1aPrototypical Monitoring of a Surface Settlement Point Located above the Tunnel Centerline in a Deformation versusanbsp;...
|Title||:||Technical Manual for Design and Construction of Road Tunnels--civil Elements|
|Publisher||:||AASHTO - 2010|