The Compromise of Liberal Environmentalism

The Compromise of Liberal Environmentalism

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The most significant shift in environmental governance over the last thirty years has been the convergence of environmental and liberal economic norms toward qliberal environmentalismqa€”which predicates environmental protection on the promotion and maintenance of a liberal economic order. Steven Bernstein assesses the reasons for this historical shift, introduces a socio-evolutionary explanation for the selection of international norms, and considers the implications for our ability to address global environmental problems. The author maintains that the institutionalization of qsustainable developmentq at the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) legitimized the evolution toward liberal environmentalism. Arguing that most of the literature on international environmental politics is too rationalist and problem-specific, Bernstein challenges the mainstream thinking on international cooperation by showing that it is always for some purpose or goal. His analysis of the norms that guide global environmental policy also challenges the often-presumed primacy of science in environmental governance.Yet scientific consensus did not appear to be a major factor in getting political action; scientists themselves did not seem to push for a clear set of ecological values; and ... This ozone layer protects the Eartha#39;s surface from ultraviolet radiation.

Title:The Compromise of Liberal Environmentalism
Author:Steven Bernstein
Publisher:Columbia University Press - 2012-08-21


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