The Concept of Argument

The Concept of Argument

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Arguing that our attachment to Aristotelian modes of discourse makes a revision of their conceptual foundations long overdue, the author proposes the consideration of unacknowledged factors that play a central role in argument itself. These are in particular the subjective imprint and the dynamics of argumentation. Their inclusion in a four-dimensional framework (subjective-objective, structural-procedural) and the focus on thesis validity allow for a more realistic view of our discourse practice. Exhaustive analyses of fascinating historical and contemporary arguments are provided. These range from Columbusa€™s advocacy of the Western Passage to India, over the trial of King Louis XVI during the French Revolution, to todaya€™s highly charged controversies surrounding euthanasia and embryo research. Excavating foundational issues such as the purpose of argument itself (assent of an audience or critical examination of validity claims) and the contested role of argument as a generator of knowledge, the book culminates in a discussion of the relationship between rationality and reasonableness and criticizes the restrictions of a€˜rationala€™ argument relying on fixed logical, economic or cultural criteria that in reality are mutable. Here, a true, open argument requires the infusion of Paul Lorenzena€™s principle of a€˜transsubjectivitya€™, which recognizes but transcends the partiality of the individual and which can be seen in the pragmatic and expanding consensus that humanity can control itself to safeguard the future of a fragile, damaged world.It was this consideration that led the aforementioned Stephen Toulmin, who ushered in modern argumentation theory in the ... For cases in which the backing does not sufficiently justify the warrant, the schema does not simply provide furtheranbsp;...

Title:The Concept of Argument
Author:Harald R. Wohlrapp
Publisher:Springer - 2014-06-26


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