The highly positive affirmation and wide reception that this book continues to receive from professors and students ahke is the occasion for this 7th edition. Once again we have included a number of valuable suggestions for improvements, which we address as appropriate. In addition, we refer to a number of developments in atomic physics. Of these new developments in regard to exotic atoms, we mention antihydrogen in par ticular, because fundamental experiments in matter and antimatter can be expected in the future. Furthermore, we have inserted a chapter on the behaviour of atoms in strong elec trical fields. Experiments with corresponding lasers could only recently be realized. We thank our Jenaer colleague, R. Sauerbrey, for his contribution of this chapter. We have also included a new chapter on the behaviour of the hydrogen atom in strong magnetic fields. The results are of profound interest for two very different fields of physics: on the one hand, according to classical physics, one expects chaotic behaviour from Rydberg atoms in magnetic fields that can be created in the laborato ry; thus, an association can be drawn to aspects of chaos theory and the problems of quantum chaos. On the other hand, the very strong fields necessary for low quantum numbers are realized in the cosmos, in particular with white dwarfs and neutron stars.The alkali atoms have a weakly bound outer electron, the so-called valence electron, and all other (Z- 1) electrons are in closed ... At present we shall only say that even when several electrons are bound to a nucleus, their individual electron states can be characterised by the three ... A closed shell or noble gas configuration occurs whenever the next electron to be added would occupy the 5 state of theanbsp;...
|Title||:||The Physics of Atoms and Quanta|
|Author||:||Hermann Haken, Hans Christoph Wolf|
|Publisher||:||Springer Science & Business Media - 2005-09-08|