The development of future leaders has long been a desired outcome of higher education. As college populations historically were composed predominately of White men, early research on student leadership focused on this group. Given the growing racial diversity of the current college-going population, especially the increasing enrollment of Asian Pacific Americans (APAs), it is important to understand how college can promote leadership among all types of students. The purpose of this study was to explore leadership development among APA and White undergraduates, comparing a less-studied population with an oft-studied group by: (a) defining leadership more broadly to encompass traditional and nontraditional concepts, (b) identifying specific aspects of college that facilitate leadership development, and (c) exploring how students interpret their leadership experiences. A mixed-methods design was used. Longitudinal regression analyses was conducted on a multi-institutional, nationwide, matched sample of APA and White students using four dependent variables representing leadership beliefs and behaviors. Semi-structured interviews of APA and White student leaders at one public university were also conducted. Findings show that APA and White students are more likely to become interested in leadership when they feel socially integrated within the campus community. Leadership is enhanced when curricular, co-curricular, and extracurricular activities challenge APA and White students by expanding their thinking and engaging them through practice and reflection. In particular, participation in leadership training, racial/cultural workshops, and on-campus student organizations are important experiences that enhance leadership. Some college experiences affect APA and White students' leadership development uniquely, and the two groups also tend to discuss their sense of self as leaders in different ways. Results suggest that higher education institutions can strengthen their capacity to develop students' leadership qualities by creating more opportunities for students to seek out or create their own communities on campus and by encouraging students to participate in a variety of leadership-promoting activities in and out of the classroom.Defining Leadership When the APA and White students were asked to define leadership, they often mention the relationship between ... One perspective suggested by three APA and two White students is that leadership is the ability to guide others to accomplish certain tasks. This view implies a hierarchical type of interaction and a more traditional view of leadership (Bass, 1990; Faris aamp; Outcalt, 2001).
|Title||:||The Role of College in Leadership Development Among Asian Pacific American and White Students|
|Author||:||Elaine W. Kuo|
|Publisher||:||ProQuest - 2008|