Several encyclopedias overview the contemporary system of criminal justice in America, but full understanding of current social problems and contemporary strategies to deal with them can come only with clear appreciation of the historical underpinnings of those problems. Thus, this five-volume work surveys the history and philosophy of crime, punishment, and criminal justice institutions in America from colonial times to the present. It covers the whole of the criminal justice system, from crimes, law enforcement and policing, to courts, corrections and human services. Among other things, this encyclopedia: explicates philosophical foundations underpinning our system of justice; charts changing patterns in criminal activity and subsequent effects on legal responses; identifies major periods in the development of our system of criminal justice; and explores in the first four volumes - supplemented by a fifth volume containing annotated primary documents - evolving debates and conflicts on how best to address issues of crime and punishment. Its signed entries in the first four volumes--supplemented by a fifth volume containing annotated primary documents--provide the historical context for students to better understand contemporary criminological debates and the contemporary shape of the U.S. system of law and justice.Women first joined the Honolulu Police Department in 1975, and in 1997, Barbara Uphouse Wong, one of the first female officers, was promoted to the ... The Hawaia#39;i High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area was created by the U.S. Department of Justice in 1999. ... During his presidency, he attempted to rebuild relations with the former Confederate states, reform the civil service system, protect the ... Hayes graduated from Kenyon College in Ohio in 1842 and Harvard Law School in 1845.
|Title||:||The Social History of Crime and Punishment in America|
|Author||:||Wilbur R. Miller|
|Publisher||:||SAGE Publications - 2012-07-20|