The first case study deals with the Umlaas IB in KwaZulu-Natal. This Board manages water use in the upper part of the Mlazi River catchment. Around 4, 000 ha are irrigated, mainly to produce maize and sugar cane. Times of water scarcity are rare. Slopes in the upper parts of the catchment are steep and the IB along with the upstream rural communities and commercial forestry companies, have undertaken several initiatives to address erosion problems in the area, with the cooperation of these companies. The second case study relates to the Komati and Lomati IBs in Mpumalanga. The irrigated area of around 21, 000 ha is mainly dedicated to sugarcane farming. It hosts the largest area of small-scale irrigation farming in South Africa, but periods of water scarcity are frequent. While the IBs have not transformed into WUAs yet, they have already incorporated the emerging farmers in their area of jurisdiction, as well as in the management of water. The third case study assesses the Hereford IB in Mpumalanga. The Board manages an earthen canal, mainly for citrus and wheat farming, on a total area of 3, 400 ha. Small-scale farmers have settled on an abandoned commercial farm, and the current upgrading of the emerging farmersa scheme and the setting-up of water meters open the way for the meaningful integration of the emerging farmers in the forthcoming WUA.Emerging farmers do not have these dams and they still have to pay back large loans. ... In 2002, the LIB hired an engineer, whose main responsibilities were to set up the new system of water management with ... In many places in South Africa, the WUA would be the relevant body to manage irrigation extension services.
|Title||:||The transformation of irrigation boards into water user associations in South Africa: Case studies of the Umlaas, Komati, Lomati and Hereford Irrigation Boards. Volume 2|
|Author||:||Nicolas Faysse, Jabulani Gumbo|
|Publisher||:||IWMI - 2004|