In this report, RAND researchers assess the potential future production levels, production costs, greenhouse gases, and other environmental implications of synthetic crude oil from oil sands and fuels produced via coal liquefaction relative to conventional petroleum-based transportation fuels. The findings indicate the potential cost-competitiveness of these alternative fuels and potential economic-environmental trade-offs from their deployment.Economic and Environmental Trade-Offs Michael Toman, Aimee E. Curtright, David S. Ortiz, Joel Darmstadter, Brian Shannon ... also emerge as a solution, although this fuel currently faces many more fundamental technical hurdles than the other options mentioned here. ... (2005) provided a detailed analysis of oil shale.
|Title||:||Unconventional Fossil-Based Fuels|
|Author||:||Michael Toman, Aimee E. Curtright, David S. Ortiz, Joel Darmstadter, Brian Shannon|
|Publisher||:||Rand Corporation - 2008-10-03|