Cystoscopes are typically used for all of the minimally invasive stone removal procedures aside from VUh in male dogs. Using the cystoscope to fill the bladder/ urethra in female dogs during VUh expedites the procedure. ... the voiding procedure can be done at a 45 degree angle (figure 33.3C) so that not all of the stones travel down the urethra simultaneously, which helps to prevent urethral blockage.
|Title||:||Veterinary Image-Guided Interventions|
|Author||:||Chick Weisse, Allyson Berent|
|Publisher||:||John Wiley & Sons - 2015-02-13|