There is more to grouping readers than the traditional grouping by ability with each level not so cleverly disguised by names like bluebirds, redbirds, and crows. Flexible grouping allows teachers to address today's diverse classrooms. In this practical guidebook, JoAnne Caldwell and Michael Ford describe a variety of grouping patterns and ways to implement them throughout the elementary grades. First they examine the most recent research on grouping practices in reading programs to present a rationale for moving these practices in new directions. Then they explore the qhow to'sq of alternative grouping, including whole-room instruction, small-group formats, cooperative grouping, working in pairs, and individualized reading programs. They also visit classrooms at different grade levels to capture the stories of teachers who have implemented flexible patterns.Finally, guided reading depends on the learner being engaged in learning as the instruction is provided. Small groups used for intervention are usually formed by identifying students who are at similar levels in their reading development. ... While it is typically used with younger students, interventions may be necessary with some older students. ... Another popular conceptualization of small-group instruction in reading is to bring a group of readers together to share their response to aanbsp;...
|Title||:||Where Have All the Bluebirds Gone?|
|Author||:||JoAnne Schudt Caldwell, Michael P. Ford|
|Publisher||:||Heinemann Educational Books - 2002|