... had the distinct advantages that scarification was automatically completed in a timely fashion and accomplished without costs ... No form of scarification was effective on wet sites because bluejoint grass was well established before clearing and ... on wet sites was limited to winter when ground was frozen and capable of supporting machinery, conditions which do not ... essentially the same opportunity of hardwood seedling establishment, but without the cost of herbicide treatment.
|Title||:||Wildlife habitat enhancement in the spruce-hardward [i.e. hardwood] forest of the Matanuska and Susitna River valleys|
|Author||:||William Brian Collins, Alaska. Division of Wildlife Conservation|