Media violence has been a topic of both public and scientific concern for over 50 years. Most of the scholarly attention on this issue has been devoted to unpacking the relationship between television violence and physical aggression. There are literally hundreds of studies that provide evidence that exposure to television violence leads to subsequent physical aggression in viewers. However, the effects depend on the type of content viewed and the type of child involved. One consistent finding, for example, is that television violence has stronger effects on boys than on girls. Yet the continual focus on physical aggression as an outcome may be responsible for this sex difference. In this arena, relatively little attention has been paid to another type of aggression that is more covert and relational in nature---that which has been called qsocial aggression.q Social aggression is defined as actions designed to damage another's self-esteem, social status or both. These behaviors cause emotional rather than physical harm to the victim. Research indicates that children perceive social aggression as a commonly occurring event within their peer groups, particularly in interactions between females. In fact, a recent national survey revealed that 66% of children reported being a victim of socially aggressive behaviors as least once per month.Appendix I Reliability Coefficients for Program Level Context Variables (Physical Aggression) Appendix K Parental Consent Form Dear Parent or Caregiver: We ... Edd, Na#39; Eddy .99 .91 Extreme Makeover Home Edition 1.0 1.0 Even Stevens .63 . 78 Fairly Odd Parents .99 .91 Family Guy ... .99 .99 Neda#39;s Declassified School Survival Guide .93 .87 Phil of the Future .99 .92 Pokemon .94 .78 Proud Family . 71anbsp;...
|Title||:||You Don't Have to Get Hit to Get Hurt: Social Aggression on Television and Its Relationship to Children's Aggression in the Classroom|
|Publisher||:||ProQuest - 2008|